top of page

Group

Public·12 members

Manılerin Dili, Türk Kültürünün Sesi: Yöre Yöre Manı Örnekleri


Manıler: The Art of Turkish Folk Poetry




If you are interested in learning more about the rich and diverse culture of Turkey, you cannot miss the art of Turkish folk poetry, or manıler. Manıler are short and catchy poems that have been part of the Turkish oral tradition for centuries. They are often used to express feelings, thoughts, wishes, jokes, or criticisms in a clever and humorous way. In this article, we will explore what manıler are, why they are important and popular in Turkish culture, and how you can enjoy and appreciate them.


What are manıler and how are they composed?




The definition and origin of manıler




Manı is a Turkish word that derives from the Persian word mani, which means "poem" or "verse". Manıler are folk poems that consist of four lines, each with seven or eight syllables. The first two lines rhyme with each other, while the last two lines rhyme with each other. The rhyme scheme is aaxa. For example:




manıler




Kara kedi kara taşta, Kara gözlüm ara sırada, Bir haber sal da göreyim, Seni seven deli başta.


This mani can be translated as:



Black cat on a black stone, My black-eyed love once in a while, Send me a message so I can see, The one who loves you is crazy at heart.


Manıler have a long history that dates back to the pre-Islamic Turkic tribes in Central Asia. They were influenced by various cultures and languages, such as Persian, Arabic, Mongolian, Greek, Armenian, Kurdish, and Balkan. They were also adapted to different regions and dialects in Turkey, such as Anatolia, Thrace, Aegean, Black Sea, Mediterranean, Eastern, Southeastern, and Central. Today, there are thousands of manıler that reflect the diversity and richness of Turkish culture.


The structure and rhyme scheme of manıler




As mentioned before, manıler have a simple structure of four lines with seven or eight syllables each. The syllables are counted according to the vowel sounds, not the consonants. For example:



Ka-ra ke-di ka-ra taş-ta (8 syllables) Ka-ra göz-lüm a-ra sı-ra-da (8 syllables) Bir ha-ber sal da gö-re-yim (7 syllables) Se-ni se-ven de-li baş-ta (7 syllables)


The rhyme scheme is aaxa, which means that the first two lines rhyme with each other, while the last two lines rhyme with each other. The rhyme is based on the last vowel sound of each line. For example:



Kara kedi kara taşta (a) Kara gözlüm ara sırada (a) Bir haber sal da göreyim (x) Seni seven deli başta (a)


Sometimes, the rhyme scheme can be abab or abba, depending on the region or the preference of the poet. For example:



Gel beraber gidelim (a) Dağlara çıkalım (b) Orada bir yuva yapalım (a) Güzelce yaşayalım (b)


This mani can be translated as:



Let's go together (a) Let's climb the mountains (b) Let's make a nest there (a) Let's live nicely (b)


The themes and tones of manıler




Manıler cover a wide range of themes and tones, such as love, nature, humor, satire, politics, religion, morality, death, and so on. They often reflect the feelings, thoughts, wishes, jokes, or criticisms of the poet or the speaker. They can be romantic, funny, sarcastic, ironic, witty, or poignant. For example:



Seni sevmeyen ölsün (a) // Let the one who doesn't love you die Beni sevmeyen kalsın (a) // Let the one who doesn't love me stay Ölüm varsa biz ölelim (x) // If there is death, let us die Sevgimizden kim ne yapsın? (a) // Who cares about our love?


This mani is a romantic and defiant expression of love that challenges the opposition of others.


Mani örnekleri ve anlamları


Mani yazma teknikleri ve ipuçları


Mani söyleyen sanatçılar ve şarkıları


Mani yarışmaları ve ödülleri


Mani türleri ve özellikleri


Mani kültürü ve tarihi


Mani antolojileri ve kitapları


Mani derlemeleri ve kaynakları


Mani öğretimi ve eğitimi


Mani analizi ve yorumu


Yöresel maniler ve farklılıkları


Aşk manileri ve duyguları


Komik maniler ve esprileri


Sitemli maniler ve mesajları


Övgü manileri ve beğenileri


Ayrılık manileri ve özlemleri


Gelin manileri ve gelinlikleri


Kaynana manileri ve kaynanaları


Görümce manileri ve görümceleri


Asker manileri ve askerlikleri


Gurbetlik manileri ve gurbetçileri


Havalı maniler ve havaları


İğneleyici maniler ve iğneleri


İmalı maniler ve imaları


Kabadayılık manileri ve kabadayıları


Kızlara maniler ve kızları


Erkeklere maniler ve erkekleri


Köy manileri ve köyleri


Şehir manileri ve şehirleri


Bayram manileri ve bayramları


Ramazan manileri ve ramazanları


Dualı maniler ve duaları


Beddua maniler ve bedduaları


Alaycı maniler ve alayları


Amatörce maniler ve amatörleri


Azerbaycan manileri ve Azerbaycanlıları


Kuzey Kıbrıs manileri ve Kuzey Kıbrıslıları


Mektup manileri ve mektupları


Nasihatçi maniler ve nasihatları


Okul manileri ve okulları



Bir kızım olsun isterim (a) // I wish I had a daughter Adını da Fatma koyayım (a) // I would name her Fatma Fatma'yı da veremem kimseye (x) // I wouldn't give Fatma to anyone Kendim alayım kendim soyayım (a) // I would take her myself and peel her myself


This mani is a humorous and absurd exaggeration of paternal love that plays with the double meaning of the word soy, which can mean "peel" or "undress".



Bir zamanlar bir padişah (a) // Once upon a time there was a sultan Halkına çok zulüm yapar (b) // He oppressed his people a lot Halk da ondan bıkar usanır (a) // The people got tired and fed up with him Devrim yapar başını keser (b) // They made a revolution and cut off his head


This mani is a satirical and political commentary on the fate of tyrannical rulers.


Why are manıler important and popular in Turkish culture?




The role of manıler in social occasions and festivals




Manıler are not only poems, but also songs that are sung or recited in various social occasions and festivals. They are often accompanied by musical instruments, such as saz, bağlama, kaval, zurna, davul, or ney. They are also performed in different styles and forms, such as tekerleme, atışma, karşılama, düzenleme, or yarışma. Some of the common occasions and festivals where manıler are used are:



  • Newroz: The celebration of the spring equinox and the beginning of the new year in Turkish culture. Manıler are sung to welcome the spring and express joy and hope.



  • Hıdrellez: The celebration of the arrival of summer and the meeting of the prophets Hızır and İlyas. Manıler are sung to wish for health, happiness, and prosperity.



  • Ramazan: The holy month of fasting and prayer in Islam. Manıler are sung by children who go from door to door to collect candy and money.



  • Bayram: The religious festivals that mark the end of Ramazan or the pilgrimage to Mecca. Manıler are sung to greet and congratulate each other.



  • Düğün: The wedding ceremony and celebration in Turkish culture. Manıler are sung to praise and tease the bride and groom.



  • Aşure: The day that commemorates various historical and religious events in Islam. Manıler are sung to share and enjoy a special dessert made of various ingredients.



The expression of emotions and opinions through manıler




Manıler are also also a way of expressing emotions and opinions through poetry and music. They can convey love, admiration, longing, jealousy, anger, sadness, happiness, or any other feeling that the poet or the speaker wants to share. They can also communicate ideas, beliefs, values, criticisms, or jokes that the poet or the speaker wants to make. For example:



Seni sevdim seveli (a) // I loved you since I loved you Başım döndü döneli (a) // My head has been spinning since then Seni bırakmam elden (x) // I won't let you go from my hand Ne gelirse gelsin benden (a) // Whatever comes, let it come from me


This mani is a passionate and loyal declaration of love that shows the willingness to sacrifice for the beloved.



Bir yıl oldu yılbaşı (a) // It's been a year since New Year Zam geldi zam geçti (b) // Prices went up and down Halkın cebi delik deşik (a) // The people's pockets are full of holes Hükümet ne yaptı? (b) // What did the government do?


This mani is a sarcastic and critical question of the government's performance and the economic situation.


The preservation and transmission of folk wisdom and values through manıler




Manıler are also a means of preserving and transmitting folk wisdom and values through generations. They often contain proverbs, sayings, riddles, advice, or moral lessons that reflect the common sense and experience of the Turkish people. They also embody the cultural identity and heritage of the Turkish people, such as their customs, traditions, beliefs, myths, legends, heroes, or historical events. For example:



Akıl akıldan üstündür (a) // Wisdom is superior to wisdom Birlikten kuvvet doğar (b) // Strength comes from unity Yalnız başına yaşayan (a) // The one who lives alone Kurt kapar bir gün onu (b) // The wolf will get him one day


This mani is a wise and practical advice that emphasizes the importance of cooperation and solidarity.



Keloğlan keloğlan (a) // Bald boy bald boy Saçın nerede keloğlan? (a) // Where is your hair bald boy? Saçım yok ama aklım var (x) // I have no hair but I have wit Senin gibi mal değilim (a) // I'm not a fool like you


About

Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...
Group Page: Groups_SingleGroup
bottom of page